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Beck, T.W., Housh, T.J., Schmidt, R.J., Johnson, G.O., Housh, D.J., Coburn, J.W. and Malek, M.H., 2006. The acute effects of a caffeine-containing supplement on strength, muscular endurance, and anaerobic capabilities. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research20(3), pp.506-510.

Bellar, D.M., Kamimori, G., Judge, L., Barkley, J.E., Ryan, E.J., Muller, M. and Glickman, E.L., 2012. Effects of low-dose caffeine supplementation on early morning performance in the standing shot put throw. European Journal of Sport Science12(1), pp.57-61.

Bridge, C.A. and Jones, M.A., 2006. The effect of caffeine ingestion on 8 km run performance in a field setting. Journal of sports sciences24(4), pp.433-439.

Collomp, K., Ahmaidi, S., Chatard, J.C., Audran, M. and Prefaut, C., 1992. Benefits of caffeine ingestion on sprint performance in trained and untrained swimmers. European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology64(4), pp.377-380.

Del Coso, J., Salinero, J.J., González-Millán, C., Abián-Vicén, J. and Pérez-González, B., 2012. Dose response effects of a caffeine-containing energy drink on muscle performance: a repeated measures design. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition9(1), p.21.

Duvnjak-Zaknich, D.M., Dawson, B.T., Wallman, K.E. and Henry, G., 2011. Effect of caffeine on reactive agility time when fresh and fatigued. Med Sci Sports Exerc43(8), pp.1523-1530.

Foskett, A., Ali, A. and Gant, N., 2009. Caffeine enhances cognitive function and skill performance during simulated soccer activity. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism19(4), pp.410-423.

Ganio, M.S., Johnson, E.C., Klau, J.F., Anderson, J.M., Casa, D.J., Maresh, C.M., Volek, J.S. and Armstrong, L.E., 2011. Effect of ambient temperature on caffeine ergogenicity during endurance exercise. European journal of applied physiology111(6), pp.1135-1146.

Gant, N., Ali, A. and Foskett, A., 2010. The influence of caffeine and carbohydrate coingestion on simulated soccer performance. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism20(3), pp.191-197.

dissertation, Stellenbosch: Stellenbosch University).

Goldstein, E., Jacobs, P.L., Whitehurst, M., Penhollow, T. and Antonio, J., 2010. Caffeine enhances upper body strength in resistance-trained women. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition7(1), p.18.

Hodgson, A.B., Randell, R.K. and Jeukendrup, A.E., 2013. The metabolic and performance effects of caffeine compared to coffee during endurance exercise. PLoS One8(4), p.e59561.

Lara, B., Gonzalez-Millán, C., Salinero, J.J., Abian-Vicen, J., Areces, F., Barbero-Alvarez, J.C., Muñoz, V., Portillo, L.J., Gonzalez-Rave, J.M. and Del Coso, J., 2014. Caffeine-containing energy drink improves physical performance in female soccer players. Amino Acids46(5), pp.1385-1392.

Lara, B., Ruiz-Vicente, D., Areces, F., Abián-Vicén, J., Salinero, J.J., Gonzalez-Millán, C., Gallo-Salazar, C. and Del Coso, J., 2015. Acute consumption of a caffeinated energy drink enhances aspects of performance in sprint swimmers. British Journal of Nutrition114(06), pp.908-914.

MacIntosh, B.R. and Wright, B.M., 1995. Caffeine ingestion and performance of a 1,500-metre swim. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology20(2), pp.168-177.

O’Rourke, M.P., O’Brien, B.J., Knez, W.L. and Paton, C.D., 2008. Caffeine has a small effect on 5-km running performance of well-trained and recreational runners. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport11(2), pp.231-233.

Paton, C.D., Lowe, T. and Irvine, A., 2010. Caffeinated chewing gum increases repeated sprint performance and augments increases in testosterone in competitive cyclists. European journal of applied physiology110(6), pp.1243-1250.

Potgieter, S., 2013. The effect of caffeine supplementation on Olympic-distance triathletes and triathlon performance in the Western Cape, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Stellenbosch: Stellenbosch University).

Skinner, T.L., Jenkins, D.G., Taaffe, D.R., Leveritt, M.D. and Coombes, J.S., 2013. Coinciding exercise with peak serum caffeine does not improve cycling performance. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport16(1), pp.54-59.

Talanian, J.L. and Spriet, L.L., 2016. Low and moderate doses of caffeine late in exercise improve performance in trained cyclists. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism41(8), pp.850-855.

Wiles, J.D., Bird, S.R., Hopkins, J. and Riley, M., 1992. Effect of caffeinated coffee on running speed, respiratory factors, blood lactate and perceived exertion during 1500-m treadmill running. British Journal of Sports Medicine26(2), pp.116-120.

Wiles, J.D., Coleman, D., Tegerdine, M. and Swaine, I.L., 2006. The effects of caffeine ingestion on performance time, speed and power during a laboratory-based 1 km cycling time-trial. Journal of sports sciences24(11), pp.1165-1171.

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